What Is Rock Salt and Why Is It So Important?

How does it form?

Usually white or colourless rock salt forms naturally as isometric crystals when the saline water of the sea or a large lake evaporates, sometimes hundreds of metres deep. Once this process is complete, it’s mined from underground deposits in areas such as inland marginal seas, dry lakes as well as estuaries and bays. The crystals are then treated with an anti-caking agent and put into storage to await transportation.

Where does it come from?

Today, most of the UK’s salt comes from underground mines in Cleveland, Winsford and County Antrim. In the west of the UK in Cheshire, Middlewich, Leftwich, Nantwich and Northwich are historically related to salt production and as you may have noticed all end in ‘wich’ which is often associated with brine springs and wells – interesting fact of the day!

Different types of rock salt

There are many different types, but the two that are most commonly used are white de-icing salt and brown rock salt. The latter is traditionally used to de-ice roads, driveways and footpaths as it’s traditionally coarser whereas the white de-icing product is used to de-ice our schools, hospitals, places of work, footpaths and entrance ways as it’s a cleaner alternative to brown salt.

Useful tip: If you’re looking for a slip-free walk down your driveway this winter, opt for a bag of white de-icing salt. Unlike brown rock salt, this cleaner alternative leaves no mess or muddy sludge so it’s perfect for paths, doorsteps & driveways.

Conforming to British Standards Institute

Whilst some are mixed with other materials the cleanest, most effective rock salt is without any sand or substitute and conforms to the BS3247 regulations – a certificate that is given to rock salt that has been tried, tested and recognised by the British Standards Institute. The industry wide standard ensures that the salt supplied is suitable and thick enough for gritting and has less than 4% moisture content.

How does it work?

Many often ask why we use salt to de-ice our roads and footpaths but the simple fact is that it works by lowering both the freezing point and melting points of water, speeding up the rate at which snow turns to water. The friction from the salt rock also helps tyres stick to the road making it less likely for cars & lorries to skid on the icy roads when things get a little bit chilly.

Useful tip: If you’re a frequent traveller or commute long distances it may be wise to keep a set of winter essentials in your car. These can include a blanket, extra winter clothes, ice-scraper, dried foods, shovel, tow rope and wind up torch.

Why is it so important?

Gritting our roads and spreading our public rights of way not only allows us to get from A-B safely, it also prevents thousands of accidents on our roads, motorways and footpaths every year. According to a study conducted by Sainsbury’s, 1.3 million winter road accidents over the last five years have been caused by icy conditions but with the help of our spreaders and salt suppliers these numbers hope to be reduced significantly.

As the cold spells loom, remember to wrap up warm, keep winter essentials in your car and invest in a bag of rock salt for your driveway and door!


Africa Namibia Travel & Tips Information

In Namibia, upon the parched palate of a vast and contradictory land, the realities of thirst have created a plethora of idiosyncratic societies. The shifting dunes of the Namib Desert are honeycombed with the greatest variety of living creatures of any dunelands around the world.

The desolate Skeleton Coast, monument to by-gone maritime disasters, contrasts with the vibey holiday atmosphere of the quaint German settlement of Swakopmund. Within the precincts of Etosha Pan, the lake of a mother’s tears, where perimeter waterholes enclose the salt expanse, great herds of game are on a perpetual pub-crawl. This provides some of the most magnificent gameviewing opportunities anywhere.

Inland, in surrealist Damaraland, you’ll encounter various social curiosities, including the Petrified Forest; Welwitschia Mirabilis, the thousand year old underground tree; the statuesque Kokerboom; and the diminutive Damara Dik Dik, with its twitching nose.

Namibia – big sky country.

A place where undulating deserts fold down to meet a tempestuous coastline, Namibia offers a diverse range of highlights: Scenic beauty including the Skeleton Coast – untouched and untamed, this desolate and uninhabited landscape is home to the rare Brown Hyena and Desert Elephants, seal colonies and is the burial ground of many ships; the Kunene River – the source of one of Africa’s greatest waterfalls, the Ruacana; the splendour of abundant bird and wildlife; unusual geological formations including Fish River Canyon, Brandberg, Spitzkoppe and the unique star-shaped dune mountains at Sossusvlei;

pristine wilderness including Etosha Pan – an oasis in the centre of a vast semi-desert region, the Namib Desert – the only desert that harbours elephant, rhino, lion and giraffe; the diverse and friendly nation – vibrant African cultures blended with the architecture and traditions of the Germans, British and South Africans; Adventure opportunities – from sand boarding, canoeing, white water rafting to hot air ballooning and The Desert Express Train.

Welcome Tourism Services offers a comprehensive variety of escorted tours; self-drive tours and fly-in safaris; special interest and adventure packages; tailormade tours and safaris throughout this exciting and unique region. We cater for individual travellers, groups, conferences and incentives.

Windhoek, Namibia’s capital city, is set in the Central Region. With its international airport, Windhoek is a convenient point to begin or end your tour and provides a good base for local excursions. The northern part of the Central Region has an astonishing diversity of bird, animal life and mineral wealth while to the west is the Namib Desert and the Kalahari to the east.

The majestic Auas mountains, the Eros mountains and the rolling Khomas Hochland surround Windhoek. Mineral springs offer an oasis in this very dry region and holiday resorts are located close to Windhoek. The national parks, fascinating little towns, out of the way mission stations and cattle ranches all have their own unique attractions.

The Namib Region stretches from Oranjemund in the south up through the Skeleton Coast to the Angolan border in the north, mostly consisting of national parks. The Namib-Naukluft Park is considered the fourth largest in the world, covering 49 768 km sq. Hardy desert plants and the variety of landscapes make this a magical place for scenic photographers.

The ancient Namib Desert features many of Namibia’s tourist destinations and is home to one of the world’s oldest plants – the prehistoric Welwitschia Mirabilis and a large number of endemic dunedwelling creatures.

The Skeleton Coast National Park reaches from the Ugab to the Kunene River. Hardy desert animals congregate around the intermittent watering places, while in the distance craggy mountains and vistas of sand dunes enhance its beauty.

The popular coastal resort of Swakopmund has many buildings dating back to the turn of the century, these national monuments represent the town’s German colonial past. With its numerous excursion possibilities, Swakopmund is rapidly becoming Namibia’s groups and conventions destination. Walvis Bay is 31 km south of Swakopmund, another principal port of entry and has a flourishing fishing industry.

The Walvis Bay lagoon is one of Africa’s most important wetlands and hosts large flocks of flamingoes, pelicans and other water birds. West of the Naukluft mountains is the Sesriem Canyon gorged out over centuries by the Tsauchaub River. 63 km away is Sossusvlei, a dry clay basin surrounded by some of the highest sand dunes in the world. Lüderitz, between the desert and the coast, was the first German settlement in Namibia and the base of the South African diamond industry in 1908. This sea-side resort is the centre of Namibia’s crayfish industry, renowned for its oysters and the ghost town of Kolmanskop is not far away.

The fertile Northern Region is the largest region in Namibia, with vast areas under cultivation, sustained by underground lakes. The highlight of this region is the Etosha National Park, one of the major wildlife sanctuaries in Africa and an official game reserve since 1907. This 22 270 km sq park ranges from dense bush to open plains and houses prolific bird and wildlife.

Two attractive towns in the centre of a rich mining area are Otavi, sheltered by the Otavi Mountains and Tsumeb further north. Damaraland offers contrasting desert, rolling grasslands and high mountain ranges with unusual geological features, rock paintings and rare animals. It is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by the Skeleton Coast National Park.

The volcanic landscapes around Khorixas bear footprints of dinosaurs and the Petrified Forest (massive tree trunks up to 30 m in length) lies scattered across the plains with Welwitschias and other hardy desert plants growing among them.

Twyfelfontein (Fountain of Doubt) is south-west of the Petrified Forest offering spectacular rock paintings and engravings dating back thousands of years. South of Twyfelfontein is a desolate landscape of volcanic rock called Burnt Mountain. Nearby are the Organ Pipes, a formation of perpendicular basalt. The Brandberg Range contains the highest mountain peak in the country (the Kunigstein 2 573 m) and many rock paintings including the famous White Lady of Brandberg.

The Caprivi Strip is an exciting destination for the adventurous traveller with rivers, forests, swamps and waterways – it is a total contrast to the arid grandeur of the rest of Namibia. Activities in this area include hiking, fishing, gameviewing, birdwatching and mokoro trails. The beautiful landscape of the Southern Region is stark, desolate, hot and dry. Earthquakes and storms have carved the land into wonderful sculptures. Brukkaros, an extinct volcano, looms over the plains north of Keetmanshoop.

The Fish River Canyon – a ravine 161 m long, up to 27 km wide and almost 550 m deep and the hot spring resort of Ai-Ais are popular attractions.

The Kokerboom, an aloe capable of surviving years of drought, and the Quiver Tree Forest, a protected area 23 km north-east of Keetmanshoop, are found here. Although agriculture (dominated by livestock production) provides a livelihood for an estimated 70% of Namibia’s population, mining provides the backbone to the economy.

Diamonds, gold, silver, uranium, copper, lead, zinc, magnesium, cadmium and other base metals are all produced. Having developed rapidly since independence, tourism is currently the country’s third most important foreign exchange earner.


Krabi – Nature’s Abode and a Traveller’s Dream

Exploring Krabi will seem like a never-ending endeavor. If you think that you’ve seen enough of this place, then know that there is a lot left to discover. The town welcomes you with its friendly charm everywhere you go. The lively markets and the simplistic living of the Thai people are also something you can explore here, amongst loads of unusual things to do in Krabi- Know what they are? Come along!

Wat Tham Sua… Temple preaching Insight Meditation

The interior stones of this temple are etched with imprints of Tiger paws which is why it is also commonly known by the name of Tiger Temple. This temple is just 1.8 miles (3 kms) away from the town of Krabi. The temple is encompassed by hills, caves and the beautiful Khiriwong Valley with its age old tall trees.

The breathtaking view alongside the spiritual aura of the temple makes it the best sight for meditation. The major temple cave that has the footprint of Buddha himself has an influx of tourists from all over the world. The path that leads to the temple constitutes of 1237 steps up the limestone tower. Even though in the Thai weather it is challenging to climb, it is totally worth it.

Khlong Thom Hot Springs… dip into the Natural Jacuzzis

The cooler time of the year is absolutely perfect to take a warm dip in the natural hot pools amidst the rushing water. This is one of the unusual and relaxing outings that you can opt for especially after the climbing day tour on the steps of the Tiger Cave temple. The Natural Jacuzzis are rich in minerals that are apparently really good for the skin. These awesome hot springs put you in therapeutic zone, after all who doesn’t love a little pampering. So just slip into one of these heavens of goodness and chill as the sky above passes you by!

Emerald Pool… swim through the spring Waters

The Khao Phra Bang Khram is home to the iconic crystal pool that is tourists’ favorite spot for a cozy daytime swim. If you are visiting the Hot Springs of Khlong Thom, make sure to have a finale swim at this nearby shiny crystal pool. This natural spring has a magical hue as the water reflects due to its clarity. There are severalbeautiful forest trails that can lead you to this ambient water pool. The trails through the forest of Khao Nor Chu Chi offer the site of innumerable rare bird species which makes the journey to the Emerald pool worth it, especially for enthusiastic bird watchers.

Shop your heart out in Aonang Road and Chao Fah Market

The nightlife of Krabi is hip and happening with the glam of Chao Fah Night Market. Roadside shopping stalls and street food corners are a typical characteristic of this market. It echoes the liveliness of any Thai market in all its vibrancy and high-spirited people. The wide range of local culinary specialties will leave you salivating throughout the night. The market affair begins at around 5 in the late afternoon and stretches night long.

As for the little shops along the Aonang road, just name anything and you will get it. These markets are great places to get the best deals. True to its quirkiness, you will find all sorts of things in Krabi, including wooden phalluses!

Thai Massage… Self Indulgence at its best

Thailand has mastered the art of sensory gratification which makes the spa and massage options in Krabi highly sought after. During your relaxing stay at Krabi town, get soothing massage done from the traditional Thai Spa parlors along the Ao Nang Road. One of the most famous is the Boossabakorn Spa. Immerse into the out-of-the-world experience for a stretch of two hours and come out refreshed and rejuvenated after bidding adieu to the body toxins. The special massage treatments cleanse and de-stress, and you come out feeling all new!

Visit the magnificent islands that surround Krabi

This town gives you great opportunities to go island hopping on either a long tail boat or a speed boat. The Hong islands, Phi Phi Islands, Lading Island etc. are some of the most famous island groups in the coastline stretch.

The Koh Hong group of island consists of 4 islands. As for the main island, it remains only inhabited by birds, large monitor lizards and gibbons amidst the white sand beach. The name Hong means a huge lagoon the entrance of which is very interesting. To enter this lagoon one has to traverse through a tree-clad cliff which speaks of dramatic grandeur in every sense of the term. The acoustics and the kayaking experience of the island are great.

The Lading Islands are typically for admiring the hidden places in Krabi like the caves and the beautiful and unique rock formations. The Phi Phi islands on the other hand are a part of the Marine National Park. The Ko Phi Phi Don is one among the group that is mostly visited by tourists and why not, almost all the necessary amenities like ATM, hotels, supermarkets, restaurants etc are available here.

Go on a family outing zipping your way through the Hidden Krabi!

The Krabi Fun Park offers fun pact activities that is sure to not just entertain kids but also potentially engage all of your family. Hook on to the Tarzan-like journey through the trees via a mixture of rope ladders, Ziplines etc. The park doesn’t entertain beyond 12 visitors at the same time. Swing through the zip lines & enjoy a spectacular view of the Andaman Seas. Visit the Krabi Fun Park to explore the adventures of the millennium.

Oh Fish! Discover the Fish Pedicure Spas

Along the Aonanag Road you will find many Spa Parlors that offer the freaky fish pedicure. When you submerge your feet in a fish tank, the little fish nibble at the feet to eat out the dead skin out of them. It may sound creepy, but the experience is pretty relaxing with these tiny things tingling you.

Finding Nemo… In Memoriam of Childhood

The Tapom Nempo Fish Farm is a huge magnetic field for tourists in Krabi. Experience the visual treat of the color and number variant of the Nemo fish at one place. The deck had been particularly designed for the tourists to have a better time exploring the marine life from behind the railings. The entrance into this world of aquatic wonder is absolutely free. You also get to see some rare fish species like black tip reef sharks as well as leopard sharks.

Pamper your taste buds with Authentic Thai Cuisines

Here at Krabi and not yet tried your hands at Authentic Thai Food? Come on! The authentic Thai cuisine especially the sea food variants are to die for. The options of restaurant in the town are many particularly on the street of Aonang. Some of the famous Thai dishes include kai Yang, Somtam Mamuang etc. The Chalita CafĂ© & Restaurant, D&E’s Jungle Kitchen, Lae Lay Grill are some of the famous restaurants in Krabi you must not miss.

So, pack your bags and take your family out for a vacation to the Krabi Islands. So, spend the best of times in this ultimate island filled destination that is so beautiful yet so much fun!

How to Reach Krabi

By Air: Krabi is well connected to many international destinations. Once can also com to Krabi through low cost airlines via Bangkok.

Where to Stay

Krabi has many options when it comes to accommodation. This provincial town is fluxed with a number of luxury as well as budget accommodation options for you to coze in.

We suggest stayong at Ao Nang road as it has lots of shopping and eating options nearby and the beach is just a few mins walk away. We have reviewed one such resort on Ao Nang road, You may want to check it out.


Magical Panorama Route and Oliver’s Restaurant and Lodge

Imagine… dramatic mountain scenery with isolated buttresses, sheer cliff faces and unusual geological features; imagine spectacular gorges, fairytale waterfalls and thick lush forests. I introduce to you ‘The Panorama Route’ in the Magical Mpumalanga Province of South Africa. Mpumalanga meaning ‘The place where the sun rises’.

The Panorama Route offers the traveller a number of spectacularly scenic viewpoints to experience this wonderland and includes views of the Blyde River Canyon (the 3rd largest canyon in the world) and its Three Rondavels, God’s Window, Pinnacle Rock, Bourke’s Luck Potholes and a number of beautiful waterfalls such as Mac Mac, Lone Creek and Lisbon Falls. The region also has an historical influence and a visit to the historic gold mining town of Pilgrims Rest is a must. Take a stroll down its quaint little main road viewing the restored historic buildings and miners huts, visit the museum to view the old mining relics, stop in at the tourist office and join a guided tour to experience the life in the gold mining hey days and try your hand at gold panning.

Most of the Panorama Route is situated on the Highveld. The views from God’s Window and Pinnacle Rock look out over the Lowveld way below. These 2 areas experience comparatively different climates. The Lowveld is subtropical, due to its proximity to the warm Indian Ocean and latitude. The Highveld is comparatively much cooler, due to its altitude of 2300m to 1700m above sea level. The Drakensberg Escarpment receives the most precipitation, with all other areas being moderately well-watered by mostly summer thunderstorms. The Highveld often experiences severe frost, whilst the Lowveld is mostly frost-free. Winter rainfall is rare, except for some drizzle on the escarpment.

My suggestion to you when travelling to South Africa is to combine a 2-night stay in or near The Panorama Route, with your African safari experience in the world-renowned Kruger National Park or in the private reserves just west of Kruger. Three of my absolute favourite luxury game lodges are Londolozi Private Game Reserve, Savanna Private Game Reserve and Lion Sands Private Game Reserve. These are all situated in the Sabi Sands Game Reserve well known for its excellent game viewing and in particular, its brilliant leopard sightings.

Now to bring you back to your experience on the Panorama Route, my suggestion here would be to stay at the award winning Oliver’s Restaurant and Lodge. This lodge has built a great name for itself. It is owner run and offers a friendly home away from home experience. Situated on a peaceful and tranquil country golf estate within easy reach of the Panorama Route, Kruger National Park and Nelspruit, the closest international airport.

Oliver’s Restaurant and Lodge rooms are luxurious, spacious and beautifully appointed. Attention to detail is superb. Personal service is top class. Cuisine is to die for. These combined attributes make it an absolute pleasure to stay here.

Spend the day lazing at the pool or being lavishly pampered in their wellness spa. A game of golf is right on your doorstep at the White River Golf Club. Outdoor activities in the region are plentiful and include quad biking, gorge swinging, white water rafting, hot air ballooning, helicopter scenic flights, hiking and horse riding. Obviously with Kruger National Park being only 25km away, you could also enjoy the day game viewing in your own vehicle. Pack a picnic lunch and spend the day roaming around the park spotting our fascinating African wildlife.

So one sees the abundance of options available to you in this area. It is well worth spending a couple of nights here to become acquainted with it and its friendly people. Just another magnificent part of our Rainbow Nation!


Mount Abu: Most Visited Winter Destination In India

Mount Abu is the only hill station in Rajasthan. It is located 475 km from Jaipur on the peak of Aravali range and is known for its Dilwara Jain temples. With flowering shrubs and coniferous trees, the climate is mostly cool here. There are almost 37 tourist places that are usually explored by the tourists. To cover all the Mount Abu sightseeing places, visitors have to stay for 2 to 3 days.

Some of the must go places during winters are discussed on the article. Let’s have a look:

1. Dilwara temple

This is a group of five temples. These temples were constructed between 11th to 13th century. They are built with marbles and are situated at a distance of two and a half km from Mount Abu. This scared pilgrimage place is devoted to Jain Tirthankaras.

The temples are named as Luna Vasahi, Vimal Vasahi, Khartar Vasahi, Pithalhar and Mahavir Swami.

2. Nakki Lake

This lake is perfect for visiting in winter as it will give you a calm and cool atmosphere. This is considered as an ideal location as it is situated in the backdrop of Aravali Mountains. One of the attraction points is that it is the only artificial lake in India and is situated at a height of 1,200 meters. According to the historian, this lake was carved out of rocks.

The added advantage of this place is rock climbing and boating activities. This lake is situated near the Toad rock, Shri Raghunathji Temple and the Maharaja Jaipur Palace. You can also witness Sunset Point from here.

3. Guru Shikhar

This is the highest mountain peak at around 1,722m above the sea level. Tourist can get the aerial view and enjoy trekking here. An ancient Guru Dattatreya Temple is also found at the peak that has an idol of Guru Dattatreya, who was an incarnation of Lord Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu.

A giant bell is hanging at the entrance of the temple. Some of the other temples found at the mountain peak are Shiva Temple, Chamundi Temple and Mira Temple. The mountain peak is situated at a distance of 15km. If you are interested in the laboratory, then you can even visit the Mount Abu Observatory operated by Physical Research Laboratory.

4. Sunset Point

One of the most famous points is Sunset Point. This lies towards the southwest of the Nakki Lake, It has dense forest as Aravali range lies behind it. The place is famous for the beautiful view of the mountain valley. One of the advantages of visiting this place in winter is that it has very low temperature due to its location. Undoubtedly, this advantage is only for the people who love winters. This is the must-go place for honeymoon travelers as honeymoon point is located very close to this. The Sunset point is also known for its souvenir shops and food stalls.

Travelers can also visit Baylay’s Walk that is just 5 km by road.

Dilwara temple, Nakki Lake, Guru Shikhar, and Sunset points are some of the reasons why Mount Abu is darned popular. If you are planning to visit Mount Abu, then do pay a visit to the places discussed in the article. Happy Travelling!


South African Travel Tips when traveling in the Free State Province

The Free State Province of South Africa is dry, but far from dull, the Free State with its vast open spaces and cloudless blue skies offers those who like to explore, literally and figuratively, the ideal canvas.

Here outdoor enthusiasts can enjoy birding, game viewing, trophy hunting, hiking, horse riding, biking, 4×4 off-road driving, river rafting, fly-fishing, camping, climbing, spelunking or just relaxing in its more than 80 parks and reserves, such as the scenic Golden Gate Highlands National Park.

History buffs have many significant sites to delve into and those with geological interests will marvel at the meteorite-impact site at Vredefort, the world’s oldest crater.


The Free State is hot in summer (Dec-Feb) when most of the rain falls, but can be very cold in winter (Apr-Jul) with heavy frost over most of the province. Snow is often recorded on the eastern mountains and occasionally over the rest of the region.


Traditional dress; woven baskets; silk painting; bead work; ‘mampoer’ (alcohol distilled from fruit); red meat, game and ‘biltong’ (dried meat); cherry or asparagus products; original art; beautiful handcrafted items from Phuthaditjhaba; mohair rugs and sandstone products.


Golden Gate:

Highlands National Park In the Maluti Mountains, named after the golden sandstone cliffs; the scenery is magnificent incl. the imposing Brandwag rock and the climate invigorating; staying over is a popular option for humans and animals alike in this highlands habitat


The ‘City of Roses’, Bloemfontein boasts cultural and political significance, featuring sandstone architecture, important museums and monuments and a busy events calendar; don’t miss the Franklin Game Reserve, only one in the world completely surrounded by a city; the Macufe Festival in Sep; the Loch Logan Waterfront; the historical township jazz performances and the War Museum.

Parys and the Vredefort Dome:

Named after Paris, Parys is situated on the Vaal River in the Vredefort Dome – a crater caused by a massive meteorite which hit earth about 250 million years ago; in Parys, don’t miss the Golf Island in the middle of the Vaal and other water activities and at Vredefort, adventure junkies can go on hiking routes, see untouched San paintings and ruins of iron age settlements, rock climb and abseil; the 200km Dome is best seen from the air.

The Battlefields:

Many historic sites related to the Anglo-Boer War are to be found in the Free State. Explore 13 battlefield sites, 8 military monuments, 2 war museums and 3 war and concentration camp cemeteries. Some of the main battles of war in 1900 are: Paardeberg, Poplar Grove, Driefontein, Sannaspos, Mostertshoek, Jammerbergdrift, Sand River, Biddulphsberg, Yeomanry Hill, Roodewal, Surrender Hill and Doornkraal.

Xhariep / Gariep:

Meaning ‘Great River’; a vast open grassland fed by the 2000km Gariep Dam offering travellers endless vistas of open blue skies, starry nights and unpolluted air; land of farms, parks and reserves ideal for hunters and eco-tourists alike.

Towns of Thabo Mofutsanyana:

Clarens is a picturesque town described as the “Jewel of the Free State”, here artists and art galleries abound and photographers find the scenery a magnet in autumn and spring; Memel is fast becoming a birding mecca with over 350 species including many ‘specials’ and 15 Red Data listed species, other attractions are the scenery and the spectacular Seekoeivlei Wetlands floodplain; Ficksburg is filled with adventure options from the usual hiking, fishing and game activities to the unusual such as altitude scuba diving (2650m above sea level) and ox-wagon adventures!

Eastern Highlands:

Breathtaking scenery in pristine area with snow-capped mountains, densely vegetated valleys and wild gorges; ideal for romantic hide-aways, trout-fishing, bird watching and hiking; don’t miss the Bushmen paintings.

Vaal River:

The inland water mecca of South Africa offering boundless water sport opportunities such as white water rafting, relaxed sailing, powerboating and water skiing; game farms, accommodation facilities, camping sites and a casino also feature; Deneysville and Jim Fouche Resort near Oranjeville are major venues.

Lejweleputswa (Free State Gold Fields):

Go on underground mine tours of some of the deepest mines in the world on the Goldfields Route; visit Welkom, one of the few cities in the world planned to completion before building where you can go on a trip to the world’s deepest wine cellar at 857m below the earth’s surface at St Helena Mine and see the Gold Museum in the city as well as Phakisa Freeway, one of the top 5 motor racing circuits in the world; Virginia was home to the richest gold reefs in 1946 and is a nature lover’s paradise.
Basotho Cultural Village, Qwa Qwa National Park:

Scenic Qwa Qwa National Park offers an authentic traditional African experience in the form of its Basotho Cultural Village; see the reed-and-stick structures and mud huts, drink sorghum beer, watch the weaving and have your fortune predicted by a local healer.
We’ve seen Android Beam blow the dust in recent months, and it’s probably a replacement. This feature is not yet widely available.
However, due to an accidentally limited beta test, you may be able to subscribe to the beta version of Google Play services. You might remember this as “quick sharing”, which we thought to be called before the launch of Google Pixel 4.
crypto airdrop
Some of you may be wondering what sharing is nearby. This is Google’s version of AirDrop, a very useful feature in Apple products that allows you to transfer files quickly and easily over a Wi-Fi connection. This is something that Android users have been begging for for several years, and now it’s finally coming.
We’ve managed to get a couple of our own devices to work nearby so you can know what to expect, how it’s different from Apple AirDrop, and see if it’s really the local sharing solution we’ve been waiting for for years. for a. With Apple taking a lot of design nuances from Android to iOS 14, this could be one of the few imitations Android fans have been waiting for for a long time – if RCS can eliminate iMessage, I’m sure we’ll all be happy.


Adventure Trips

India is a country in South Asia and it is the seventh largest Country by area. The Capital of India is New Delhi and in India, we find different people with mixed cultures, taste and most of the Indians are now a day likes to Travel and Explore in their own way. In India, you will feel the adrenaline rush with treks, hikes, mountaineering, rock-climbing, paragliding, parasailing, scuba diving, motorbike tours, snorkeling, zip-lining, white water rafting, hot air balloon ride and more. There are various Adventurous famous places to visit in India I.e, Valley of Flower Trek (Uttrakhand), Nanda Devi East Base Camp Trek, Trek to Vasuki Tal Lake via Gaumukh, Tapovan and Nandanvan, Lord Curzon Trail (Uttrakhand), Holy Lakes Trek (Himachal Pradesh), Lamayuru Alchi Trekking, Chadar Trek (Frozen River Trek), Zanskar Valley Trekking (Ladakh), and Beas Kund Trekking.

Valley Of Flowers trek is a must do trek by each traveller who wants to do trekking in the Himalayas. The valley of flowers gives you a heavenly experience amidst the beautiful nature of Himalayan range. The best time to visit this place is Aug, Sept & Oct. The Valley of Flowers trek takes you through dense forests of oak, pine, shrub, fir, and deodar, traversing Bugayals. There would be wide open meadows typical to the region that is high altitude summer grazing grounds and various streams. En-route, you get really spectacular views of the range of mountains, all the approach from Trishul (23,496 ft/7,120 m) to the peaks of Kedarnath (22,994 ft/6,968 m) with mountain peak (25,595 ft/7,756 m), Nilkanth (21,767 ft/6,596 m), Rishikot, Changabang (22,651 ft/6,864 m), Kedarnath and Chowkhamba (23,522 ft/7,128 m), to call some. The valley of flowers has been carefully preserved. If you stand at the foot of the valley, grassy meadows run down to the cleft of the stream, which even in August, continues to be fringed by ice. On both sides, inexperienced slopes turn to dark rock as they vault into deep blue skies. Rising gently, the valley ends as a notch on the horizon, crested by the snows of the Rataban (6,166m) and Nilgiri (6474m) peaks. Underfoot, we have a tendency to shall catch the sight of flowers that provide the valley as its name.

Nanda Devi East Base Camp Trek- Nanda Devi, the highest peak in the Garhwal Himalayas takes you through an unbeatable experience of snow peak mountaineering and an opportunity to embrace the one of its kind beauty of the Nanda Devi sanctuary. The best time to visit this place is May, June, July, and Aug. This is a very high adventure trek which starts at Munsiyari (2290M), situated at a distance of about 120 km from Pithoragarh. Munsyari is a small beautiful hamlet with a scenic array of waterfalls and home to the Johari Tribe who are famed for their Ayurvedic medicines and woolen shawls. Breathtaking views of thePanchchuli can be seen from here and Munsyari is the base for trekkers to Milam, Namik, Ralam glaciers & the Nanda Devi Peak. The views from Milam Glacier of Trishuli, Hardeol and Rishi Paharare are worth beholding. The whole trip is dotted with many such sightings, but one of the best highlights remains in the beautiful meadows at the Nanda Devi Base camp that would delight one and all. If luck is favoring you on this trip you might even sight the elusive Snow Leopard or the Himalayan musk deer.

Trek to Vasuki Tal Lake via Gaumukh, Tapovan, and Nandanvan- A high altitude trekking in the Garhwal Himalayas straight between rocks and crystal clear water of Vasuki Tal provides the trekkers an eye-catching view and an adventurous trekking opportunity. The best time to visit this place is May, June, July, Aug, Sept. Trekking enthusiasts who like to challenge themselves trek to Vasukital in the group a minimum of six because the trekking route is very difficult. Trekking guide is must in Vasuki Tal trek. Trek begins from Gaurikund through Rambara, reaching uptoGarurChatti and at last making way through Kedarnath temple. The trek via Gaumukh, Tapovan and Nandanvan coincides on a pilgrim route to 1 of the char dham. Gangotri is considered to be the mythological supply of river Ganga. it’s said that King Bhagirath prayed to Lord Shiva for the salvation of the souls of his 60,000 sons. Shiva obligated and requested immortal Ganga to release her water, that refined the ashes of Bhagirathi’s sons. because of this mythological story, river Ganga is considered a way to purify one’s soul. Trekkers are fascinated by the wonder of Mandakini river who flows downwardly through the route to Kedarnath temple. Dense forests housing lovely fauna, a tall range of mountains ranges and fascinating waterfalls energize the trekkers. From Kedarnath to Vasuki high is rushlike slope within the goat road. Trekkers might encounter shepherds with their sheep and goats view of Chaukhamba hill and Mandakini valley is spectacular. From Vasuki hill high, Vasukital is a 1Km downward trek.

Lord Curzon Trail (Uttrakhand)- A countryside trek following a path that winds through a series of pastures and shepherd camps and an excellent view of the Himalayas and soaring Nanda Devi while crossing the Kauri pass. The best time to visit this place is May, June, July, Aug, Sept. A superb trek through beautiful landscape, following a path that winds through a series of pastures and shepherd camps, with very good views of the Indian Himalayas and therefore the crossing of the Kauri Pass wherever views will be had of soaring mountain peak (7816m).

Holy Lakes Trek (Himachal Pradesh)- Holy Lakes of Himachal Pradesh are glossy, reflective, shimmering, and even dotted with flowers on the shoreline. All lakes picturesque beautiful views of Himalayan Mountains; however, the rests are man-made reservoirs and basins which are flanked by nature. The best time to visit this place is June to Oct. Holy Lakes Trek is meant for adventure and an enormous adrenaline rush. Simply West of Dharamshala is a high-altitude valley nestled among the soaring peaks of the Western Dhauladhar vary. This space is steeped in mythological stories, has seven snow-fed lakes and is one in all the holiest places for the local gaddi tribesmen. The trek itself is tough, the piece of land difficult and weather unpredictable. a perfect trek for serious explorers, photographers, and nature lovers.

Lamayuru Alchi Trekking- Ladakh has many experiences for travellers, spirituality being one in every one of them. This trek provides you a chance to understand the beauty that surrounds the monasteries; and in fact, to move with the monks and gain some knowledge from them. The best time to visit this place is May to Nov. Around 125 km west of Leh, on a stunningly gorgeous path, lays the initial existing monastery of Ladakh, known as Yung-Drung or the Swastika. The Gompa is surprisingly built on sand stone and dates to the 11th Century. The monastery has a significant narration and the neighboring area presents an appealing countryside that is stretched with yellow loess creation. The Alchi monastery lays 69 km west of Leh, the most prominent and prime of all the Gompa built by RinchenZangpo in the 11th Century. The monastery houses some of the finest murals and frescoes representing the style of Buddhist iconography.

Chadar Trek (Frozen River Trek)- Chadar trek is one of the foremost thrilling and adventurous trek in north India, a frozen ice trek throughout winter on mountain-hemmed Ladakhi-Buddhist valley. Ladakh has always captured visitors with its magical charm and majestic beauty. The best time to visit this place is Jan & Feb. Walking on the Frozen river of Zanskar is an ultimate experience for adventure lovers. Zanskar is one of the oldest inhabited regions of the world with wild and solitary valleys at over 13,000 ft (4000 meters) in the Himalayas. In winter, Zanskar is isolated, and only in January and February is there a way to the rest of the world: the canyon of the Zanskar River. We trek on the so-called Chadar or ice covering the river from the village of Chilling to Lingshed.


Maradjao Karadjao Surigao! (Chronicles of a Pseudo Traveller – Part 3)

Dubbed as the “Gateway to Mindanao” owing to it’s strategic geographical location on the Philippines’ second biggest island, Surigao City is also recognized as the transit point to Siargao, a place where many surfing aficionados, some even coming from different parts of the globe, frequent due to its world-class waves.

It was the 16th of May when we finally arrived at Surigao after a wonderful family expedition to Plantation Bay in Cebu. It took an overnight boat trip for the family on a Superferry vessel (again) to reach the Surigao City Port at about 6:30am. After a two-year absence, it felt good to come back to the place I now call home.

We had a lot of fun during the 3-week stay there from May 16 to June 7. Here are some of the episodes worth mentioning:

My Wife’s Birthday Beach Party One of the highlights of our stay in Surigao was my wife’s birthday, the 25th of May. We celebrated this occasion a day later by going to this beach resort in a far-flung sitio called Oslao, some 15-20 kilometers outside the city limits. I really enjoyed the drive as we rode through a traffic-less, twisting, two-lane road with wide-open ricefields on one side, and a high, mountainous area on the other. It was a sight to behold! The Mabua Pebble Beach, one of the most recognized beaches in Surigao which was the staple resort for the family in the past, can be seen along the route as we made our way to Oslao.

When the convoy finally arrived at the place, we all got our things settled in a rented cottage and put all the food on the table. What a mouth-watering spectacle it was! Full lechon de leche, kinilaw na fresh tanigue, pansit canton, fried chicken, assorted fruits, etc. After the feast got underway and the kids had their fill, they couldn’t be held back anymore from going to the crystal-clear waters. They swam to their hearts’ delight, with the adults keeping a watchful eye. We stayed there until before dusk.

Boys’ Night Out I’ve been asking my cousins (in-laws) if they know bars or clubs in the city with bands performing live rock music and we agreed that we’ll go out sometime. It was a Thursday night when we first went to Camp G, a night club on the Boulevard area near the Pier. The band was playing Joe Satriani stuff and I was hooked immediately. The band also played a mixture of pop and rock songs until their set was through. Another band played a reggae set to the enjoyment of the crowd who began filling up the dance floor. Not long after, somebody who apparently had too much to drink began making trouble in the bar, prompting the bouncers kick the dude out.

Our group decided that it was enough. We went to a open-air place beside the seawall where they served beer. We got to a table and consumed some more liquor while chatting away amidst the cool sea breeze. After a while, we agreed that it would be a good idea to belt out a few tunes so off we went to Frank Lloyd Jazz Bar. We stayed there until closing time. First time I ever closed a bar down. Ha ha. All the adventure made us very hungry, which compelled us to look for the nearest Goodah for some good ol’ tapsilog. We got home early… early morning at 5am, that is!

Restaurant Binges We love to eat out, even though I know it’s a pain in the pocket. Restaurants in Surigao that earned my trust in the tastiness department get the pleasure of receiving hard-earned money from me for their food and most importantly, my loyalty. My all-time favorites include:

1. Carmen’s BBQ near Surigao Port – Try their delicious chicken barbeque and liver!

2. Rotonda Fastfood near City Hall – We always get our bola-bola siopaos and cassava cakes from here!

3. Bulalohan at the back of City Hall – I forgot the name but we whenever we want tasty bulalo, this is the place we always go to!

4. Dale’s Restaurant – A new discovery for us, we ordered different cuisine from Dale’s and turned into believers. Pansit, crispy pata, lechon kawali, fish fillet., etc. Delicious indeed!

We left for Manila two days before our scheduled June 9 flight back to Saudi Arabia. It was time for our goodbyes as our month-long vacation was nearing its end. While on our Emirates flight back to Riyadh, I had a flashback of all the things that our family experience and felt really good about it.

We’re all looking forward to embark in another eventful vacation next year!


African Travel Tips when visiting Lesotho

Lesotho is otherwise known as the Kingdom in the Sky, because of its high altitude and mountain peaks, Lesotho offers the traveller a different face of Africa, which is closer to alpine in climate, scenery and vegetation. Invigorating mountain air, spectacular panoramas and a rare birdlife combine to attract outdoor enthusiasts from all over the world.

Popular ways of exploring the countryside is through hiking, and trekking by 4×4’s or on the back of ponies. Renowned for their crafts and hospitality, the Basotho people offer a warm welcome when they say Khotso (peace), at the same time inviting you to experience their tiny, traditional villages and the unspoilt serenity that is Lesotho…




Temperate subtropical. Frost occurs frequently in winter. Most rain occurs Oct-Apr and is usually concentrated in fierce thunderstorms.


1 Lesotho Loti = 100 lisente. South African Rands are accepted. Visa, Access/MasterCard and Diners Club credit cards have limited acceptance and the use of traveller’s cheques is limited outside Maseru.


220 volts, 50Hz. Plugs are 2- and 3-pin round.


A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers coming from infected areas. Visitors are also advised to take pre-arrival precautions against typhoid, hepatis A and polio. Other health concerns include minimal medical facilities; unavailability of many medicines; food- and water-borne illnesses, particularly amoebiasis, typhoid fever and cholera; influenza (risk is May-Oct); AIDS; and tetanus.


Sesotho and English


New Years’ Day (1 Jan); Moshoeshoe (11 Mar); Heroes Day (4 Apr); Good Friday (9 Apr); Easter Monday (12 Apr); Labour Day (1 May); King’s Anniversary (17 Jul); Independance Day (4 Oct); Christmas Day (25 Dec)


Basotho hat; grass woven items (mats, brooms, baskets); pottery; wool and mohair rugs; tapestries; textiles; rock painting reproductions; traditional seed, clay, bead and porcupine quill jewellery; silver, gold and ebony items; copperwork; African chess sets. The Basotho Hat Store is a good place to find local crafts.


Main religions are Christianity and traditional African religions – these and the older generation should be respected. Normal courtesies and friendliness will be appreciated. Dress is casual, but modest. For business, dress in a lightweight suit and tie and observe usual formalities, but expect a casual atmosphere and pace.


GMT +2


Tipping is recommended at restaurants and hotels.


Maseru and surrounds:

Basotho Hat, the principal handicrafts centre; the Catholic Cathedral of Our Lady of Victories; the Papal Pavillion; Thorkild Hand Weaving and Moteng Weavers; Lancer’s Gap, for views of the city and Caledon Valley; the Peach Blossom Route, in August explore the nearby orchards by car or on pony; Roma; Morija with its National Museum; and Matsieng featuring the Royal Summer Palace (closed to visitors).


Within easy reach of Maseru, a flat-topped hill features the substantial remains of the dwellings and villages of King Moshoeshoe I as well as the royal cemetery of Lesotho.


A short drive from Maseru, you can find a wide variety of souvenirs in this town whose weavers and craftsmen sell their wares in the many craft centres available; close to the town are some San (Bushmen) rock art.

Malealea and surrounds:

The Gate of Paradise is a spectacular pass on the road to Malealea with panoramic views of the plains dotted with attractive traditional villages, in spring alpine flowers alongside the road are in flower; an outstanding pony-trekking centre is available in Malealea and trekking or hiking routes include a number of waterfalls e.g. the Maletsunyane Falls and indigenous alpines such as the famous Spiral Aloe; nearby Mohale’s Hoek is scenic and at nearby Motlejoeng visitors can explore some of the most interesting cannibal caves, which are found throughout Lesotho.

Dinosaur Trackways:

About 5 miles north of Hlotse, Subeng Stream Dinosaur Trackway is one of the best examples of dinosaur trackways in Lesotho; the footprints of several different dinosaurs some dating back to 180-200 million years ago, are preserved in sandstone; the Moyeni and Masitise Dinosaur Trackways feature the footprints of many different dinosaurs as well as other primitive reptiles.

Ha Baroana Rock:

Paintings 39km east of Maseru; overhanging rock accessible after crossing a stream featuring a magnificent gallery of Bushmen paintings.

Molimo Nthuse and surrounds:

One of the most attractive tourist routes in Lesotho, the road to Molimo Nthuse includes a series of mountain passes, each offering superb vistas of mountain peaks, steep gorges, tumbling streams and broad valleys; at Molimo Nthuse you will find one of the principal pony-trekking centres of Lesotho – on offer are treks for a couple of hours or days visiting waterfalls, local villages and other scenic attractions; travellers can visit the Maletsunyane Falls on a pony-trekking trail, it’s impressive as the highest single-drop falls in southern Africa.

Katse Dam:

The centrepiece of the Highlands Water Project, the huge Katse Dam is spectacular when water levels are at their highest; the surrounding scenery is picturesque and activities cater for bird watchers and water sport enthusiasts.

Roof of Africa:

Scenic Route Via Sani Pass, the gateway to the circuit; the greater part of the route lies in the Mokhotlong District, where the top of the Drakensberg Ridge is found; includes Thabana-Ntlenyana, which at 3482m is the highest peak in southern Africa; Sani Pass, Thaba-Tseka, Katse and Hlotse form an alternative section of the route where 4x4s are most suited.

Sehlaba-Thebe National Park:

The park comprises 6500 hectares at an average elevation of 2400m and offers a wealth of birdlife and diverse Cape alpine flora; a small, minnow-like fish (Oreodaimon quathlambae) which was thought to be extinct has been rediscovered in the Tsoelikana River.